ASEAN, Rising as a Promising Export Market for New Industries, Parts, and Materials

https://korean-machinery.com///inquiryASEAN has a population of 640 million, 12.5 times the population of Korea. The GDP growth rate of ASEAN from 2009 to 2017 is almost 5%. The proportion of the Korean exports to the Big 4 markets (China, U.S., EU and Japan) was 50.8% in 2017, decreased from 56.6% of 2007. On the other hand, the proportion of export to ASEAN increased from 10.4% to 16.6%.
ASEAN countries are rising as promising areas for export of new industrial products and parts/materials as they are intensively fostering the high-tech products, and the parts and materials industry of Korea.
In ‘Export Opportunities and Promising Items for ASEAN,’ which was presented by the Institute for International Trade of the Korea International Trade Association, electrical machines and parts in the field of new industry, machines and parts in the field of optical instruments, and parts, copper and aluminum materials, etc. are items expected to be exported to the ASEAN may be significantly more.
Increase of the local market share and stabilization of import demand, especially focusing on electric condensers, telephones, microphones, and printed circuits in the field of electrical equipment, reflectors, liquid crystal devices and laser equipment among optical instruments, and processing/crafting machines, machining centers for metal processing, and cold- formed processing machines in the machinery field are expected to help exports.
This report said that
“while the entire exports of Korea in the last year increased 1.6 times from 2009, the entire exports of ASEAN increased almost 2.3 times. Among them, exports to Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar (VIM), and Philippines (VIP) which have strong growth potentials increased 4.2 times and 3.8 times, respectively.”
It also added that “looking at it by item, exports of the new industry, including next-generation semiconductors, displays, high-tech new materials, etc., to ASEAN, VIM and VIP increased 3 times, 15 times, and 6.4 times, respectively. Korean companies evaluated Vietnam and Indonesia most highly in terms of export potential and investment advancement in the survey of the Korea International Trade Association.”
Jung, Gwi-il, a researcher of the Trend Analysis Center of the Korea International Trade Association emphasized that “the major countries of ASEAN have huge potential for the population and economic growth rate and are expanding political support for the industry of high-tech and parts and materials. Korean companies should realize ASEAN as a promising market for export of higher value-added items and accordingly, aggressively attack their markets based on the new industry and the field of parts and materials.”

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Production and Exports of Car

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Increased by 8.1% and 2.1%, respectively in August, compared with the same period of the previous year

 

Production, export and domestic sales of South Korea’s finished vehicles all increased, together with export of auto parts.
According to ‘On Domestic Auto Industry of August’ issued by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, production, export and domestic sales of the finished vehicles increased by 8.1%, 2.1% and 5.0% respectively compared with the same period of the previous year, and export of car parts also increased by 0.5%.
Major finished vehicle companies produced 296,471 vehicles, increased by 8.1% compared with the same period of the previous year, due to early pay settlement, recovery of domestic sales and export, etc.
In addition, exports recorded 174,869 vehicles, increased by 2.1% compared with the same period of the previous year, due to full-scale export expansion of new sports utility vehicles (SUVs) and increase of exports to the Middle East and the European region. In terms of the amount, exports recorded US$28.5 billion, an increased of 0.5%.


Domestic sales of vehicles turned up to be 146,086 units, increased by 5.0% compared with the same period of the previous year, due to implementation of the individual consumption tax reduction to passenger cars and new SUVs (Carnival and Santa Fe). Related to this, sales of domestic cars and imported cars increased by 4.1% to 125,289 units and by 11.2% to 20,797 units respectively.
Especially, in the case of eco-friendly cars, domestic sales of electric cars increased drastically, amounting to 8,640 units, an increase of 9.5% compared with the same period of the previous year. Among them, the hybrid cars and electric vehicles accounted for 6,572 units (up 3.6%) and 1,971 units (up 31.5%), respectively.
The domestic sales volume of major electric cars last month comprised 648 units of ‘Kona EV,’ 399 units of ‘Soul EV,’ and 631 units of ‘Volt EV.’
Exports of these cars also increased by 25.7% compared with the same period of the previous year, recording 15,926 units. Among them, the numbers of hybrid cars and electric cars sold were 11,650 units (up 17.3%) and 2,731 units (up 153.3%), respectively, thanks to the good performance of Hyundai Motor’s Ionic hybrid and electric car models.
Meanwhile, export of auto parts last month recorded US$1.87 billion, an increase of 0.5% compared with the same period of the previous year, due to expansion of exports to North America and the European region despite decrease of exports to Asia and Europe.

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The Production and Export of Automobiles on the Decline are Decreased

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Export of eco-friendly vehicles and SUV with high unit prices increased.

 

South Korea’s domestic automobile industry has diminished its decline since February, although both production and exports have decreased in terms of vehicle numbers.
In May, exports of both automobiles (1.9%) and auto parts (14.7%) increased YoY in terms of the amount due to export increase of eco-friendly cars and SUVs with high unit prices and export increase of auto parts to the US and China.
Only 354,595 cars were produced in May, 1.3% less annually, due to discontinued production of some models, decrease of domestic sales and exports of domestic cars. Sales of domestic cars decreased slightly but, due to increase of imported car sales, total domestic sales recorded 157,771 units, increased by 1.3% YoY.
During this period, automobile production was only 354,595 units, decreased by 1.3% YoY, due to overseas inventory adjustments, discontinued production of some models, and decrease of domestic sales and exports of domestic cars. The models that were discontinued in February were Cruze and Orlando.
Hyundai Motor’s production dropped by 4.3% YoY due to production adjustments caused by sluggish exports of some models despite the increase in domestic sales, mainly in SUVs (Santa Fe, Kona).
Kia Motor’s production increased by 7.0% YoY on the strength of the effect from new cars such as K3, K9, and Carnival (including partial changes). In case of GM Korea, production decreased by 14.4% YoY due to discontinued production of Gunsan Factory coupled with slump of domestic sales and exports.
Ssangyong’s production jumped by 9.4% YoY thanks to the domestic sales effect of the new car Rexton Sports(pickup) released early this year. On the other hand, Renault Samsung’s production fell by 4.9% YoY due to sluggish domestic demand and exports of SM6.

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Machinery Drives Export

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Even though two main export items are excluded, it is possible to maintain upbeat due to construction machinery which is proving to be competitive.

When we worry about the Korean economy, the words not removed at all are ‘the phenomenon of semiconductors’ sole lead.’ However, exports of May relieved such worries. Export growth rate increased by 12.5% YoY excluding shipbuilding and semiconductors (Excluding these two items, daily average export increased by 10%.).
It is machinery that drives export expansion following semiconductors, chemicals and oil refining. Machinery exports in May increased by 15.8% YoY, marking double-digit growth for two consecutive months following April (13.1% YoY). In particular, construction machinery is proving to be outstanding.
Experts predict that construction machinery exports will expand continuously. There are three reasons for such expansion of export:s First, the home ownership rate in the USA has rebounded in almost a decade. The actual demand seems to increase mainly among people in their 20s and 30s. In this process, the speed of new home sales growth is faster than that of the existing ones.
In addition, it was confirmed at the beginning of the year that the growth of housing transaction volume rebounded in China. Although the liquidity growth rate in the market is falling, the real estate market is by contrast improving.
Also, construction machinery exports have become more diversified. Exports of construction machinery increased in India and Eastern Europe as well as the USA and China.
Although the export growth rate is expected to decline in July and September due to the base effect, the overall export trend is positive in the second half of the year. Daily average exports excluding shipbuilding are on the rise, and daily average exports excluding shipbuilding and semiconductors reached the top of the graph.
Mr. Ahn Ki-tae, a researcher of NH Investment & Securities, said, “Since Korea is not a country with strong brand power in the consumer goods sector like Switzerland, so it tends to benefit from massive orders in developed countries. The pattern is that the global order increases when the inventory of manufacturing industry in the USA decreases and, in that context, Korea’s exports increase with a time lag.”
According to his explanation, the inventory ratio (inventory-to-sales ratio) of the U.S. manufacturing industry increased in early 2014, and Korea’s exports declined from the end of the year. On the contrary, the inventory ratio of the U.S. manufacturing industry decreased in early 2016, and Korea’s exports increased from the end of the year. There was a time lag of about one year.
Researcher Ahn added, “As the inventory ratio of the U.S. manufacturing industry is still on a downward trend, I maintain a positive outlook on Korea’s exports.”

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Korea-U.S. FTA Revision Negotiation

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Extension of Tariff Elimination on Freight Automobile Exports up to 20 Years·Exemption from Tariffs on Steel under Article 232

 

The negotiations for the revision of the Korea-U.S. FTA have been concluded under a cloud of great concern among the entire nation. Although the final procedures are still under way, it has been resolved in effect. The United States has decided to exempt
Korea from tariffs on steel and aluminum products under Article 232 of the Trade Expansion Act, and Korea has decided to extend tariff elimination on freight automobile exports and to lower the automobile safety and environmental standards.
The two countries agreed to exempt Korea from tariffs on steel products under Article 232 of the Trade Expansion Act. Meanwhile, Korea’s steel exports to the United States were set to a quota of 74% compared to the previous year, which corresponds to an average export volume of 3.83 million tons for the period from 2015 to 2017.
The Ministry of Trade & Industry (MOTIE) estimated that the uncertainty of Korean companies was eliminated by securing 74% of exports to the USA last year without additional 25% tariffs, with the early exemption of Korea.
Boards, one of the nation’s main export items, in particular, secured a quota of 111 % compared to the previous year, yet the quota on steel pipes, such as oil country tubular goods (OCTG), was confirmed at 1,040,000 tons.
Accordingly, MOTIE expected a significant decrease compared to last year’s exports of 203 million tons and stated that it would plan to draw up measures to reduce damages including diversification of exports and boosting domestic demand. Talks on steel products are scheduled to commence on May 1.
South Korea also pushed on its concerns through the amendment of the agreement in the field of investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) and trade remedies through a revised agreement. In regard to the ISDS, it incorporates factors related to the prevention of investors’ abusive litigations and the government’s legitimate policy mandates and has decided to ensure transparency in trade remedies.
It also announced that the uncertainty has been removed by revising the rules of origin standards for some textile items and achieving a position on the further opening of the agricultural and livestock market, a core sensitive area of the country, and the use of U.S.-made auto parts.
On the other hand, instead of obtaining steel, agricultural products, and ISDS, it was decided to step back in the automotive field. Korea has extended the tariff elimination on freight automobile exports to the USA from 2021, the tenth year, up to 20 years until 2041.
In addition, provided that a company complies with American automobile safety standards up to 50,000 units per year, it will be regarded as compliant with the safety standards of Korea, and the detailed test procedures and methods of gasoline vehicles using exhaust gas will be acknowledged alongside.

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The big three Korean shipbuilders have won orders worth a total of US$6 billion in 1Q 2018

https://korean-machinery.com///inquiryThe big three Korean shipbuilders – Hyundai Heavy Industries, Samsung Heavy Industries, and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering – have reportedly won a total of US$ 6 billion in the first quarter alone in 2018, reaching 20% of this year’s sales goal. Accordingly, it is expected that 1Q 2018 sales, which are slightly below expectations, are likely to be nothing more than growing pains and will lead to sales growth in the second quarter.
Combined sales of the Big Three are estimated to have fallen 41% YoY to KRW 5.6 trillion, and the operating loss to KRW 150bn, falling below the projected operating loss of KRW 35bn. This is largely due to a further drop in profitability due to the stronger Korean won.
Meanwhile, Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering and Hyundai Mipo Dockyard expect a surplus since their sales declines are relatively small.
In 4Q 2017, the Big Three reflected provisioning for new construction orders as much as changes in the exchange rate of 8%. Provision for construction losses is generally reconciled on the deficit project. Hyundai Heavy Industries Group received a total of US$3.5bn in the fourth quarter, reflecting a provisioning loss of KRW
310bn, which corresponds to an 8% drop in the KRW/USD rate.
Likewise for Samsung Heavy Industries and DSME, the 1Q 2018 KRW/USD rate is not much different from 4Q, while the rise in the cost of the vessels is only 3 to 4%. In order to offset the KRW depreciation, it is necessary to raise COGS by more than 8% which is fallen short of. Therefore, it is estimated that the amount of construction received in 2018 will reflect a provisional loss of about 5%.
It is expected that shipbuilding prices will pick up from Q2 and profitability will improve with lower fixed cost burdens and lower possibility of provisioning for construction losses, thus causing a sales rise. Assuming such an optimistic scenario, if the KRW depreciates, the existing provision for losses on construction will be reversed.
On the other hand, the improvement in orders that began this year is largely driven by the popularity of LNG carriers. Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering won eight orders out of the 13 orders received by the Big Three. Hyundai Heavy Industries and Samsung Heavy Industries followed by winning three and two orders respectively. Considering that the total order volume of LNG carriers last year was 14, the boom in this sector is becoming more evident than ever.
Apart from LNG carriers, orders for mid- to large-sized feeders and container vessels are also noticeable. Container shipbuilding orders are on the rise for the following reasons: the increase in freight volume has exceeded the fleet growth rate from 2017; the Panama Canal has been expanded to accommodate 14,000 TEU-class container ships; and due to the increased demand for new shipbuilding orders because of stricter environmental regulations.

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Eight New Industries Emerge as Export Growth Engines

https://korean-machinery.com///inquiryThe eight new industries related to the 4th Industrial Revolution, such as robots and electric vehicles, are emerging as new export growth engines of Korea, while contributing to an increase in jobs.
According to the report, “Trend Analysis of Job Creation in the Eight Emerging Export Industries and Trade with China” published by the Institute for International Trade (IIT) of the Korea International Trade Association (KITA), exports of the eight emerging industries in Korea have increased from an average of US$47.8 billion in 2014 to US$73.6 billion in 2017. The share of total exports rose from 8.3% to 12.8%. In particular, exports of the eight emerging industries increased by 27.7 percent last year, creating 415,000 jobs.
The figures for employment inducement per US$ million of exports also increased considerably from 5.16 persons in 2014 to 5.63 persons in 2017. The largest employment inducement figure was recorded in the next-generation semiconductor sector, while the robot industry was found most effective in inducing employment. The employment inducement figures were the largest in the next-generation semiconductor sector (188,000), followed by nextgeneration display (8.0 million), new energy (4.5 million) and bio-health (4.3 million) in 2017. Inducement per US$ million of exports varied relatively largely ranging from 10.7 in the robot sector, 9.7 for electric cars, 9.4 for bio-health, and 8.7 for nextgeneration display in 2017.
Last year, exports of the new industries have shown outstanding results in all the eight sectors and major regions of the world except Japan.
By sectors, exports of electric vehicles (186.8%), aerospace (37.3%), robots (36.2%), next-generation displays (34.4%), next-generation semiconductors (27.1%), new energy products (23.7%), high-tech materials (15.2%), and bio-health goods (13.7%) have grown in more than double-digit figures. Among the developed countries, on the other hand, the USA (29.2%), the EU (34.6%), and Vietnam (87.8%), which are emerging as overseas production bases for Korean companies among rising countries, have increased their exports to ASEAN nations (48.5%) and India.
Exports of the eight new industries to China grew at a CAGR of 5.2% from US$ 17.4 billion in 2014 to US$ 20.3 billion in 2017. Revenues for the same period increased by an annual average of 24.6%, from US$ 3.9 billion to US$ 7.5 billion. The increase in imports outstripped the growth in exports. This reflects China’s relentless pursuit in the new industries.
Exports of new industries to China amounted to 27.6% in 2017, which was 2.8% higher compared to exports of all sectors to China (24.8%). In particular, the dependence on exports of next-generation displays (37.6%), advanced materials (36.0%) and nextgeneration semiconductors (29.8%) to China turned higher than 30%, underscoring an urgent need for market diversification.
“Nurturing the new industries requires a management strategy aimed at overseas markets that can manifest the scale-oriented economy from the earliest stages,” said Moon Byung-gi, a researcher at the IIT of KITA. “In order for the new industry to continue to grow and create employment, It is necessary to establish a system for effective cooperation and division of labor such as joint investment and technical cooperation between Korea and China along with the development of composite materials, parts and products matching with the trend of the 4th Industrial Revolution.”

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October Exports Grow 7.1% YoY

https://korean-machinery.com///inquiryDespite a decrease of 4.5 days in the number of operation days, October exports rose 7.1% year on year to rise for 12 consecutive months. Imports also climbed 7.4% for the 12th consecutive month and the trade surplus hit 7.33 billion dollars, recording a trade surplus for the 69th consecutive month.

Exports of seven items among 13 main products were on the rise, and market diversification had continued since January with a surge in exports of high valueadded items in the main products and strong exports to the ASEAN. Exports of seven items such as semiconductors, computers, steel, and petrochemicals rose due to continuing robustness due to high specifications of IT equipment, a rise in export unit prices and customs clearance for high-value-added products.

Among the seven items that showed an increase in exports, three items showed increases of double digits. Exports of semiconductors chalked up double-digit growth for the thirteenth consecutive month and the second-highest figure. Petroleum products posted double-digit growth for three consecutive months. OLEDs (organic light emitting diodes) and MCPs (multi-chip packages) renewed their record-high exports following September, showing progress in adding high value to main products.

Semiconductors recorded a continuing rise in exports for the 13th consecutive month thanks to a peak season for semiconductors including the stabilization of prices of memories like DRAMs, and the launches of new smartphones.

Despite sluggish demand in the world PC market, computer exports rose for the seventh consecutive month, driven by demand for next-generation storage devices (SSDs) with high capacities and next-generation technologies.

 

 

Display exports grew for 12 consecutive months despite drops in prices and shipments caused a fall in LCD exports but exports of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) rose.

Exports of petrochemicals rose for the 13th consecutive month due to rising oil prices, a delay in restoring facilities hit by hurricane Harvey in the USA and a decline in international supply due to Chinese environmental regulations. Exports of petroleum products also increased for the 12th consecutive month as export prices spiked due to rising oil prices and export volume grew due to the base effects of regular maintenance implemented in the previous year.

Ship exports were on an upward spiral thanks to customs clearance for high-value-added offshore plants and 15 vessels including two liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers.

On the other hand, general machinery exports went downhill due to a decrement in demand following the completion of overseas plant expansion by Korean companies in Vietnam and EU among others and early exports in late September due to Korea’s Chuseok holidays.

General machinery exports, mainly machine tool exports, dipped due to reduced facility investment in Latin America following natural disasters such as earthquakes in Mexico, which is a major importer of general machinery. Machinery exports were sluggish due to reduced orders for oil and gas projects from the Middle East and surging imports from Japan. A slowdown in the Indian construction industry cut machinery exports, mainly construction machinery exports, to India.

Car exports to Europe (new model launches), Australia (global automakers’ withdrawal from Australia) and ASEAN remained on the rise but overall car exports declined due to continued sluggish sales in North America and holidays in early October. Auto parts exports fell due to a decline in production days caused by the Chuseok holidays and sluggish sales of cars in overseas markets.

Exports of wireless communication equipment fell due to intensifying competition in high-end smartphones, the continued and expanded local procurement of parts, and a reduction in the number of days of operation.

“Despite a decline in the number of days of operation in October, I am highly encouraged by the fact that Korea continued sound export growth,” said Baek Woon-kyu, Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy. We expect Korea to recover $1 trillion in trade in three years since 2014. ”

“We will strengthen our export ecosystem by giving high added value to export items, promoting export item diversification and export items’ expansion into emerging markets by major industries, in addition to semiconductors, in order to improve the balance of export items’ contribution to exports by industries.”

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Hyundai, Kia’s Compact SUVs Kona, Stonic Ready to Hit European Market

https://korean-machinery.com///inquirySouth Korea’s largest automaker Hyundai Motor Co. and its smaller sibling Kia Motors Corp. are aiming to roll out the Kona and Stonic compact sport utility vehicles in Europe last month, gearing up to take on Renault SA’s Captur that has become one of best-selling small SUVs in the region.
According to recent multiple industry sources, Hyundai Motor and Kia Motors were determined to sell the Kona and the Stonic in Europe. Hyundai Motor unveiled the Kona in June and launched its sale in Korea in August. In the first month, the automaker sold 4,230 units of the Kona, outpacing 4,178 units tallied by rival Ssangyong Motors’ Tivoli that had been the topselling compact SUV in the country before the Kona’s arrival. Kia Motors also sold 1,655 units of the Stonic in August, exceeding its initial sales target.
Hyundai Motor originally planned to launch the sale of the Kona compact SUV in Europe in August and in the United States in December. However, the company’s recent labor union walk-out that disrupted production has delayed its sale in Europe by about two months. The Europe launching schedule was adjusted also because demand for the Kona in the Korean market has been higher than expected, causing supply shortage. The Kona are entirely produced in Hyundai Motor’s manufacturing facility in Ulsan, Korea and be exported to other regions such as Europe and the U.S.
Hyundai Motor already shipped 1,638 units of the Kona to Western Europe in August. Kia Motors also shipped 3,368 units of the Stonic to Europe in July and 6,408 units in August. The automaker aims to sell 70,000 units of the Stonic next year.
Hyundai Motor and Kia Motors have not expressed openly on rival models for their compact SUVs but industry sources noted that they may have set to challenge the Renault Captur, which has successfully lured European consumers. In Korea, sales of the Hyundai Kona and the Kia Stonic have exceeded those of the Renault Samsung Motor’s QM3, raising hopes for solid sales in Europe.
Rhim Byung-kwon, vice president and head of international sales division at Hyundai Motor, said at the Kona release event in June that the automaker aimed to sell total 41,000 units of the Kona in Europe and the U.S. this year and 150,000 units next year. Globally, it aimed to sell about 200,000 units of the Kona next year, including 45,000 units in Korea.

< Source: KITA>

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Korean trade chief confident of $1tn trade this year

https://korean-machinery.com///inquirySouth Korea’s gross domestic product (GDP) in the second quarter ended June 30 grew 0.6 percent against the previous three-month period, losing steam from the surprising pickup of 1.1 percent in the first quarter as overall manufacturing activity stayed subdued except for semiconductors and petrochemicals.

According to second-quarter preliminary data recently released by the Bank of Korea, the country’s GDP totaled 386.6 trillion won ($344.3 billion) in the April-June period. The figure was unchanged from the headline number released in late July.

Against a year-ago period, the GDP grew 2.7 percent in the second quarter, slowing from 2.9 percent gain in the first quarter.

The string of data released recently – the biggest jump in inflation in more than five years, still-robust exports and slowed growth – underscored instability in the recovery pace.

Overseas shipment in the second quarter contracted 2.9 percent on quarter, reversing from 2.1 percent gain in the previous quarter as automobile shipment to China sharply dropped due to Beijing’s retaliation against Seoul’s installation of a powerful U.S antimissile battery. The figure was revised up slightly from 3.0 percent fall in July.

Imports also shrank by 1.0 percent due to reduced crude oil import. Manufacturing output fell 0.3 percent on quarter. The domestic demand showed improvement amid expectations for the new government’s promise to increase income and hiring.

 

 

Private consumption rose 1.0 percent on quarter in the biggest gain in six quarters. Facilities investment surged 5.2 percent on quarter and 17.3 percent on year due largely to expansion in chipmaking facility.

Construction investment also edged up 0.3 percent, compared with 6.8 percent gain in the first quarter.

Gross corporate investment rate was 31.5 percent, up from 30.5 percent in the first quarter and highest since the second quarter of 2012.

By sector, agriculture and fisheries output fell 1.1 percent, manufacturing 0.3 percent, and construction 1.3 percent. Service output accelerated by 0.8 percent, reflecting a slight recovery in consumer demand.

Gross national income in the second quarter after seasonal adjustment shrank 0.6 percent from the previous quarter to 401.6 trillion won due to a sharp rise in dividend payment made by local firms to offshore investors. The final figure was revised down from 403.5 trillion won in July.

The share of gross saving against GDP slightly declined to 35.7 percent from 36.9 percent in the first quarter as private expenditure grew 2.3 percent, faster than an increase of 0.4 percent in disposable income.

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